The first in my series of open letters was addressed to Sinead O’Connor. It consisted of my thoughts regarding her and Miley Cyrus’ little “poison to feminism except we aren’t sure what feminism stands for” feud. I really doubted I would get a response from either participant and, considering the level of maturity in Ms. O’Connor and Ms. Cyrus’ discourse to this point, it likely would not have been very illuminating had they answered in any case.
My second letter went to TV personality, “economic expert” and professional idiot Peter Schiff. I had really hoped for a response from Mr. Schiff, but only because I relish the opportunity to mock him further. Alas, no dice.
My third letter concerned best-selling Pakistani author Mohsin Hamid. Mr. Hamid, in my estimation, is one of the finest, most thoughtful writers living. Where Ms. O’Connor’s open letter alternated between serious discussion of feminism and gentle, tongue in cheek “advice” and Mr. Schiff’s letter consisted almost entirely of my writing different variations on “Schiff’s a moron,” Mr. Hamid’s open letter was altogether more serious.
I suggested to Mr. Hamid that democracy, as currently constituted, had little chance of success in Pakistan. I noted that transformative dictators, authoritarian socialists or imperialists had preceded every successful democracy to emerge in the last 200 years that I can recall. I further noted that these nasty precursors are needed because they are the only forces capable of crushing the old cultures and norms of a society and forcing it to start anew.
Mr. Hamid, to my surprise and delight, answered.
Thank you very much for your letter, Ben.
I appreciate your kind words and also the depth of your engagement. I agree that many countries have managed to transition from poverty to relative prosperity under military dictatorships or semi-dictatorships. Indeed, a majority of the countries making such a leap in the past half-century have probably followed this model. I think, though, that it would be very difficult for a country such as Pakistan to now do the same. It’s not that dictatorships haven’t been tried here: Pakistan has been directly ruled by its military for half its existence as an independent country.
In addition, Pakistan has a number of problems that make military rule especially problematic: (a) a military intent on redrawing boundaries with its much larger neighbor (not in theory but through active, if covert, armed action); (b) a relatively weak state; (c) the lack of a committed superpower backer; (d) an incredibly heterogeneous and divided population; and (e) a large territory. The combination of all five of these elements makes Pakistan very different from South Korea, Singapore, or Turkey. So for Pakistan, at least, I think a different path will be needed.
All the best,
So, dear reader, I count two major themes we must consider and a disclaimer I should have included in the original letter.
Let’s get the disclaimer out of the way first. Mr. Hamid is a native of Pakistan and currently lives in Lahor. I have never been within 3,000 kilometers of Pakistan. I need to make it immediately clear that, in contrast with Mr. Hamid, I have no actual experience with the nation in question. As such, we must decide whether or not the principals I laid out in the original letter apply universally. If you believe they do not apply universally, it is safe to say you should ignore me and listen to Mr. Hamid instead.
Secondly, assuming I’m correct about the universal need for a transformative dictator, authoritarian socialist or imperial power, are these things by themselves enough to ensure a transition to democracy? Mr. Hamid clearly thinks not. In so far as this question goes, I would agree.
Thirdly, assuming my three precedents are indeed necessary, am I also correct in saying the mechanism by which they ready a country for democracy is cultural destruction? The heart of my argument in the original letter was that it is only when a nation loses its identity (or identities as is the case in diverse nations like Pakistan), only when the ways and customs of the past are broken and pulverized beyond recognition, only then can a people start over and create something new like democracy.
So, am I full of it or not? Please leave your thoughts in the comments section below.
I generally agree with you. It was great that he replied! There is also the question of what is “democracy.” i.e. Whose democracy is true democracy.
You’re absolutely correct with your point about “true” democracy. You must have been pretty young during the democracy movement, but I’m curious as to how your parents perceived the transition from Chun Doo-hwan to what we have today.
Well my parents like most people in their age tend to be conservative. I don’t think they necessarily think highly of Chun or Roh but they do seem to feel like u do about democracy. They focus also on the economic development achieved in such a short period of time. My dad often says “Wow look at all these cars… who would have thunk it.” Haha. My dad lived thru the war.
It’s amazing how much attitudes change by generation in Korea. I’ve noticed a real strong tendency for people your dad’s age to look on the Park Jung-hee years with nostalgia and a similarly strong tendency in 40 somethings to absolutely hate the dictators.
Different frames of reference, I suppose. That said, I guess it would be hard to think of a frame of reference more detached than that of a guy like me who gets to choose what country he lives in and I don’t think I’d have come if Chun was still around.
Yeah. I don’t think we can really change peoples’ deeply ingrained perspectives. My dad tells the story of how a US tank happened to park right beside his house and how safe he felt sleeping that night. The next day he got a hershey bar. I tell this anecdote to people who ask about his political views. They don’t ask more. At the same time, I could easily picture a person being persecuted in the 70s. I understand how that would affect him as well.
Ben, I’m not sure how to assess the universality of your process toward democracy. As I look at current events in Egypt and Syria, I know they are not tossing away a transitional dictator for democracy.
I think it was great that Hamid Mohsin took the time and trouble to answer your letter. He sounds like an upstanding guy.
If I were you I would frame his letter! You have so much to say and the talent to say it well. So proud of you!! Love you so very much!!!
Sent from my iPhone
Thanks mom. 🙂
The question there, I think, is if the previous dictators destroyed the old identities or reinforced them.
And yes, I think Hamid is a pretty cool dude. 🙂